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The Transformation of the East Germany and Roles of Social Policy

Hwang, Gyu Seong 1

1한신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to investigate the roles of social policy in transformation of East Germany in perspective of combination between income security and social services. The developments of social policy in transformation process of East Germany can be distinguished by four stages according to a configuration of demand, supply, and results of social policy. At first stage(1990), the promise of income security policy including pension provisions made East German transformation acceptable to their population at the sacrifice of social services. East Germans were benefited from Income security policy at the second stage(1990~1997), but the limits of it had been revealed whereas demands for social service had not been realized at the third stage(1998~2004). After 2005, the legacy of child care services of former East Germany has been exported to West. Income security policy in the transformation processes has put grave concerns in the early stage of transformation but social service has played a pivotal role in later stages. While the former has contributed to it by passively coping with income loss and poverty, the latter has provided social infra for labor market participation of women. Theses of institution transfer from West to East, widely known as one of the most striking characteristics of East German transformation, need to be rectified that unification could have societal forces on East Germany but also on German welfare state. It is expected that while possibilities of income security to expand will highly restricted those of social service will be widely open. It is recommended that Koreans pay attentions to voices for bilateral reforms at the stage of unification and/or updated reform discourses on German welfare state including social infra orBürgerversicherung to enjoy advantages of late developer in national reunification and welfare state.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.