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The American Route of the Reconciliation between Work and Family

Seong Eun choi 1 Jae-jin Yang 1

1연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is focused on the historical route in which reconciliation between work and family has been operating in the United States whose welfare standards are low, by using analytic narratives, from late 19th century to early 20th century. The first step saw an increase in the social advancement of unmarried women due to the increase in employment in the occupation of white-collar, as well as the increase of women in the Academy and in educational institutions. In the second step, the social advancement of married women was increased by the enforcement of the New Deal, consumption capitalism, and World War II. In the third step, the sphere of highly-educated women was expanded to a professional one through active measures aimed at gender equality, and the women’s liberation movement of the 1960s took place. The United States’ path model was completed in the fourth step. This study show that the most important factors have a significant influence to complete route of the American’s Route were individual efforts of women (capacity building through the academic and the powerful women’s movement) and the individual employment relationship in labor market. This study shows that individual efforts of women, especially in building capacity through the academic and the powerful women’s movement, and the labor market, whose individual employment relationship is well-developed, have a significant influence on completing the route of the highly educated middle-class women in America.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.