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Relationship between the Typologies of Local Government System and the Welfare State and Its Implications on Welfare Decentralization

  • Korea Social Policy Review
  • Abbr : KSPR
  • 2016, 23(4), pp.3-33
  • DOI : 10.17000/kspr.23.4.201612.3
  • Publisher : Korean Association of Social Policy
  • Research Area : Social Science > Sociology > Medical / Welfare / Social policy
  • Published : December 31, 2016

NAM CHAN SEOB 1

1동아대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Korean society has in recent years witnessed ever increasing conflicts between the central and local governments regards to the social welfare functions. This has shown that it has been urgently necessary to redesign the institutional frameworks to allocate the welfare- related tasks between the central and local governments. A great many studies have submitted various suggestions, some theoretically focused and other practically focused, to enhance welfare decentralization institutions. This paper purported to provide an guideline to inform the direction for which various efforts to redesign the welfare decentralization institutions. For this purpose the paper tried to delineate the typologies of local government systems among 22 OECD countries including Korea and to compare these local government system types with the welfare state types. From this comparison this paper concluded that the Korean local government system can be classified into hybrid type and has some paternalistic characteristics in that control and intervention by the central government is higher than other countries under analysis. On this basis, the paper suggested that while there needs to reinforce the capacities of local governments, the supervision and control by the central government should be reduced.

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