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Interpretation of ‘Seoneo’ and Dongdong

  • The Research of the Korean Classic
  • 2014, (29), pp.165-202
  • Publisher : The Research Of The Korean Classic
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature > Korean Literature > Korean classic prose

Jae Hong Shin 1

1가천대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Dongdong, one of songs in Koryeo dynasty, could be more exactly understood by correct knowing of ‘Seoneo’ which is a term written in the history book, Koryeosa to explain the song. In this paper, we examined the meaning of ‘Seoneo’ in the point view that the term is related with ‘Hwarang, Gukseon, Seon’ etc. which had been used widely in Silla & Koryeo dynasty and explained on the base of lyric history of the same period. The terms related ‘Seoneo’ which were written confusedly in several history books published in Koryeo and Joseon dynasty are arranged like this. The people’s group who served Silla’s traditional god was called ‘Seondo’. And the leader of that group was called ‘Seonhwa’. Within a certain period of time, ‘Seonhwa’ and ‘Gukseon’ was used together with almost same meaning. After establishment of organization, ‘Hwarang’ and ‘Pungweolju’ became public terms. From the reign of Shinmun-king to the last period of Silla, ‘Gukseon’ substituted for ‘Hwarang’. In the period of Koryeo dynasty inherited the former dynasty Silla, the terms were used with similar meanings or functions, except of confused using and additional meanings. By this view it is precise that ‘Seoneo’ is a term which have meanings related Hwarang’s cultural customs flowed from Silla to Koryeo. Therefore we can abstract the meanings of ‘Seoneo’ which was selected to explain the song of ‘Dongdong’ through connecting to Hwarangs’ behaviors, consciousness, customs etc. The meanings of ‘Seoneo’ are like these; emotional expressions from the background of seasonal customs, pray for lover’s health with foods and medicines, blessing and longing on the base of circular world view, and influence of Hyangga, a lyric genre of Silla dynasty. Besides, we reinterpreted the words and phrases of Dongdong to show personal lyric characteristics of the song. By several reinterpreted words and phrases the poetic meaning of the song have been reconstructed. So it is appeared that Dongdong is a poem to express female speaker’s mind longing for her lover but obliging to withdraw from him. In short, ‘Seoneo’ of Dongdong is a term with meaning of Hwarang’s word or Gukseon’s word and with this term Dongdong’s characteristics of personal lyric can be explained precisely.

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