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A Study on the Origins and Patterns of Taoistic Imagination in the ‘Daozang道藏’ and Classic novels 1 - Focused on Spatial Imagination of 『Zhengao眞誥』

  • The Research of the Korean Classic
  • 2014, (29), pp.371-403
  • Publisher : The Research Of The Korean Classic
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature > Korean Literature > Korean classic prose

Kim, Sooyoun 1

1한국학중앙연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed at a quest for value or meaning of 『Daozang道藏』, the repository of ancient east asians' thoughts and stories, and also the literary structure of huge imaginations, as a original form of literature. In the light of literary history, the most important Taoism text in 『Daozang』 is『Zhengao眞誥』. 『Zhengao眞誥』 is the fundamental scriptures of ShangQingPai(上淸派) Taoism edited by Taohongjing(陶弘景), a representative ascetic and a literary scholar of southern dynasties. ShangQingPai is the mainstream faction of Taoism of Tan dynasty, the masterpiece of China literature, its major scripture 『Zhengao眞誥』 had great influence on the history of nature Taoism and also of literature. 『Zhengao』 is the quarry text of Nanyue Weifuren(魏夫人) in <Guwoon mong> as well. Nanyue Weifuren, that is Weihuacun(魏華存) as an old teacher of ShangQingPai, 『Zhengao』 is the record about the secret of cultivation to teach for her disciples, Xumi and Yangxi after her descen ding. 『Zhengao』 is basically the text for propagation, but it has attractive images of characters, a gripping story line, and unusual, eminent narrative technique in it. Especially, spatial imagination of 『Zhengao』becomes a major hotspot for understanding the prototype of literary space in all East Asia as well as China. Spatial feature of 『Zhengao』 can be divided a space of heaven, Sacred Peak, and unrealistic space in reality, Dream World. These are the places not only for communication between taoistic world and mundane world but also for communication among spaces. The transcendence world of 『Zhengao』 is not far from the reality, on the contrary to this, it doesn't ignore real life, and is a compensative, alternative imaginary world for deficiency of actualities. This spatial imagination is connected with that of Korean old novels. Transcendental place made by spatial imagination does not drop a real place into a place of agony or a dying world. At the same time, it does not make the world of immortals being apart from the world of mortals. Taoistic imagination creates infinite vital place in finite world of mortals, and finally suggests the place of infinite vitality in the world of mortals being destined to meet the death. The literary value of 『Zhengao』 in『Daozang』, especially with spatial imagination as the center, discussing the literary prototype of 『Zhengao』, and showing the commonness with Korean old novels is not just aimed at disclosing the simple influencing relationship. The purpose of this study is to get closer to the property as a literary prototype of the commonness with Korean old literatures, and eventually, is to inspect the direct point of the imagination of Korean literature, in particular, Korean old novels. This study will be able to contribute to a broad study of literature, and the visibility of literary researchers.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.