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Mother’s Lessons in 19th Century Chosŏn - written in records of a deceased mother's life (先妣行狀)

  • The Research of the Korean Classic
  • 2014, (29), pp.439-467
  • Publisher : The Research Of The Korean Classic
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature > Korean Literature > Korean classic prose

KIM, HYUN MEE 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper‘s purpose is to see many aspects education of children by 19th Century Chosŏn mothers, and to analyze them to know what aspect make them a ideal mother and a good teacher. In all this 50 records of a deceased mother's life(先妣行狀) written by 30 authors of 19th Century, two motifs of Mother’s teaching are working as elements of motherhood along their son’s life cycle. The first motif is an aspect of typical teacher with strict manner to her school-aged children. This teacher’s goal is her children’s learning. For that, she memorize some phrases of The Confucian Scriptures and say to her children. The second motif is to teach her son a mental attitude toward civil service examinations(科擧). There are 2 type of mental Response to civil service examinations, one is traditional thing, that is, she regards the cultivation of her son more precious than her son’s fame. But at the same time, She exposes her wants of her son’s riches and honors badly.

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