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The recognition of women of the Confucian scholar who lived in honam - focused on Ki Woo man(奇宇萬)

  • The Research of the Korean Classic
  • 2014, (30), pp.427-459
  • Publisher : The Research Of The Korean Classic
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature > Korean Literature > Korean classic prose

Kim Girim 1

1조선대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Ki Woo-man(奇宇萬) was Confucian scholar who had lived in Jang sung and in early modern period. He was grandson of Ki Jung-jin(奇正鎭) who was the great Neo-Confucianist philosopher. He cherished the thought of his grandfather -the thought of Wijung Chuksa(defending orthodoxy and rejecting heterodoxy, 衛正斥邪). He raised an army in the cause of justice in 1896 in Jang-sung. He sent up a memorial to the Throne which demanded to punish five persons who played a leading role for the Japanese annexation of Korea(Ulsaneukyak:乙巳勒約) in 1910. Ki Woo-man took a serious view of Yeolhaeng(烈行). He emphasized on that women who her husband died had to survive, serve her parents-in-law faithfully and bring up her son. It was that her mind was with the husband's mind(心從). This assertion based on the Way of Three Obediences(三從之道). They were the womem who perpetuating the family of her husband and continuing a ceremony for the repose of her husband's ancestors. So he acclaimed for women who brought honor to her husband's family. And Ki Woo-man emphasized on that woman dedicated to educate her son. So he had praise the mathers who moved to ideal educational environments, set up room where her son studied with his teachers and friends, work hard to make tuition fees. On the other hand, Ki Woo-man interested in women who gave relief to the people. He highlighted womne who extended a helping hand to relative and neighbors who was poor or starved during the drought. Ki Woo-man intended to consolidate the patriarchal social order becouse he thought the patriarchal social order has been shaken It increased the burden laid on the woman in early modern period. Ki Woo-man, besides, Yeol(烈) connected with royalty. So he cried out against the immoral and corrupt politicians and demanded that they should imitate Hyo Yol Bu Jon(孝烈婦)'s virtues.

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