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A Comparative Study on the Manchurian Exile Gasa <Haedogyogeosa> and <Buntongga> —Focusing on the Perceptional Differences between the Female and Male Authors and Cultural Meaning

  • The Research of the Korean Classic
  • 2020, (49), pp.77-103
  • DOI : 10.20516/classic.2020.49.77
  • Publisher : The Research Of The Korean Classic
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature > Korean Literature > Korean classic prose
  • Received : April 22, 2020
  • Accepted : May 17, 2020
  • Published : May 31, 2020

KIM YUN HEE 1

1안동대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims at comparing <Haedogyogeosa>, a recently identified Manchurian exile gasa, with <Buntongga>, to examine the similarities and differences between the way the female and male authors perceived reality and expressed their perceptions in the form of a gasa while living in the border area of Manchuria. This study focused on the points of contact and differences between the authors' perceptions of reality and expressive aesthetics, in order to approach the two works in a more three-dimensional way. However, the two works basically share commonalities in that the authors strove to endure their harsh reality by converting their agony into the gasas and communicating with the world in the midst of the extreme situation that forced them to exile to Manchuria and all the subsequent sufferings. However, <Buntongga>, which was created based on Confucian notions or historical consciousness that were valued among men, mainly features didactic and abstract expressions, whereas <Haedogyogeosa>, which addresses to female readers around the author, shows differences in the way of expressing the hope of national independence compared with <Buntongga>, which is based on ideological imagination. The differences seen in the two works have significance in that they allow us to examine, from an integrated viewpoint and in a complimentary way, the historical consciousness of the authors who tried to share their aspiration for national independence with others and society at the same time, as well as to express their inner sufferings.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.