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Make a path between communication and disconnection, A Study of the Oral-epics 〈YangsanBaek and Chukyeongdae〉 in Hamgyeong-do

  • The Research of the Korean Classic
  • 2021, (53), pp.125-158
  • DOI : 10.20516/classic.2021.53.125
  • Publisher : The Research Of The Korean Classic
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature > Korean Literature > Korean classic prose
  • Received : April 15, 2021
  • Accepted : May 10, 2021
  • Published : May 31, 2021

Yoon Joon Seob 1

1국민대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Mangmukgut in Hamgyeong-do, where the epic “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae” of “Mungut” is featured, is a ritual of death. Because the ritual[gut] begins at the disconnection from the dead of the dead and the living beings. At this time, the living beings hope that the dead will go to the otherworld well, but hope to see them again. To do so, the living beings needed a way to communicate with the dead. This study examined the process of the main character of “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae” becoming a god connecting the cut-off path between the living and the dead. First, unlike the classic novel “YangsanBaekjeon”, it was confirmed that “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae” is an epic that focuses on the love between YangsanBaek and Chukyeongdae. However, there were many questions when discussing it in connection with “Mungut”, known as the “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae”. It is not clear whether “Mungut” was performed in Mangmukgut and “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae” in “Mungut”. However, the survey report left by Lim Seok-jae, Jang Joo-geun, and Kim Tae-gon confirmed that there was material to explain why “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae” was played in Mangmukgut. The first was a comment on “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae” left by Kim Tae-gon. He explained that the epic only applies to die young. This paper found that Kim Tae-gon made such annotations because “Yangsan󰠀baek and Chukyeongdae” was performed in Honsagut(otherworld wedding ritual). In other words, the main characters of the epic, “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae”, proved that they did not achieve love in reality, but they achieved love in the otherworld. Thus, Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae can be seen as gods that comfort the spirits who died young without achieving love. The second was the actual name of “Mungut” left by Lim Seok-jae and Jang Joo-geun. They labeled the ritual procedure, which performed “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae”, as “Munduchoendujilgut.” In response, this study attempted to interpret “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae” from the perspective of “Gilgut” beyond “Mungut”. As a result, in “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae”, Chukyeong󰠀dae confirmed that a new path to Yangsanbaek is set by the power of love. Therefore, the Chukyeongdae was able to become a god connecting the broken road between the living and the dead. In short, “Yangsanbaek and Chukyeongdae” is a multi-layered epic about a god who comforts the specter who died young without achieving love and a god who reconnects the broken path between the living and the dead.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.