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Research on Dukchon Yang Dukjung’s literature

  • The Research of the Korean Classic
  • 2021, (53), pp.323-358
  • DOI : 10.20516/classic.2021.53.323
  • Publisher : The Research Of The Korean Classic
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature > Korean Literature > Korean classic prose
  • Received : April 15, 2021
  • Accepted : May 10, 2021
  • Published : May 31, 2021

Yun Jeong Choi 1

1용인대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examined Dukchon Yang’s evaluation criteria on the literature and characteristics of each literary subjects, focusing on Book 4-6 in miscellaneous writings(雜著) under his Dukchonjip(德村集). Dukchon’s writings are about ideological issues than having literary aspects. In particular, poetry and are used as away of communication with other companions, rather than expressing his personal emotion. He described the motivation of composing the poetry, and made the contemporary situation the subject of poem or supplementally explained it, helping us understand the situation and issues in his era. It is difficult to ditermine his direct mention about literature but possible to guess his literature viewpoints by studying on his evaluation of his companion’s works or his own editorial articles. Dukchon rejected the false consciousness and emphasized Silhak(實學) which pursued the rightness in reality. This view of literature was characterized in his evaluation of other people and other’s writings. Dukchon focused on the internal details of the person or his works rather than his external eminence, and pursued fundamentality rather than false consciousness and the practice of knowledge than knowledge itself. We can characterize Dukchon’s literature into three aspects The first aspect is his pursuit of Self discipline(治心) and Autosatisfaction(知足). He realized his accommodative attitude to the world’s reasonableness in his works rather than blaming the environmental situation. The second aspect is his corresponding consciousness to the chaotic social conditions. Dukchon continuously self-examined to practise the truth and duty he believed, and left the poems as the result of these communications. The third aspect is his expression of focusing loyalty and substantiality. Above characteristics of Dukchon’s literature are related to those of contemporary Soron’s literature which was focused on the reality than the cause and the logical criticism. We can more concretely understand Dukchon’s literature through this study which will contribute to enlarge the horizon of Soron’s literature.

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