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A Study on the Context and Theme of 84-jang YulnyeoChunhyangsujeolga(烈女春香守節歌)

  • The Research of the Korean Classic
  • 2021, (54), pp.167-196
  • DOI : 10.20516/classic.2021.54.167
  • Publisher : The Research Of The Korean Classic
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature > Korean Literature > Korean classic prose
  • Received : July 26, 2021
  • Accepted : August 11, 2021
  • Published : August 31, 2021

Kim, Suh-Yoon 1

1경상국립대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on the social and historical contexts of the Honam area in the mid to late 1900s and explores the possibility that the anti- Japanese sentiment of the Honam people, during the Japanese invasion of their national sovereignty, acted as a factor in the revision of the 84- jang YulnyeoChunhyangsujeolga(烈女春香守節歌). Besides highlighting the anti-feudal struggle, the transformation of the 84-jang version additionally reflects the response of the Honam people to the invasion of Japanese imperialism in the early 20th century. During the late 19th to the early 20th century, the Japanese invasion of the national sovereignty of the Korean Empire began with the Gabo Reform, the Eulmi Incident, and the Eulsa Treaty. In Namwon, which forms the background of Chunhyangjeon, the anti-Japanese uprising centered on the voluntary army’s continued action. In the mid to late 1900s, Honam was the most active region for anti-Japanese uprisings. Based on this, beyond the hierarchy, ethnic solidarity was strengthened, and pro-Japanese reforms that were enforced by the central cabinet through local officials were resisted. The figures of the 84-jang edition differ from those of the earlier editions, although it was established through the influence of the earlier versions, such as the 33-jang edition and Kim Sejong-Jang Jaebaek pansori series. Unlike previous editions and pansori, the 84-jang edition has new lines identifying Chunhyang with patriotic figures during the Japanese invasion of Imjinwaeran(壬辰倭亂), and the national conscious󰠀 ness is emphasized in Chunhyang’s remarks against Byeon Hakdo. In addition, the strengthening of trust between Chunhyang and Hyangri(鄕吏) reflects the experiences of the Namwon people who were united against pro-Japanese local officials. In conclusion, it is possible to infer that the ideological transformation of the 84-jang Yeolnyeochunhyang󰠀sujeolga was not only a reflection of resistance to the feudal order, but a result from critical perception of the Honam people towards the rapid invasion of their national sovereignty in the 1900’s.

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