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Corporate Social Responsibility and the R&D Risk Choices in a Product Differentiated Market

  • Journal of Insurance and Finance
  • 2020, 31(1), pp.53-86
  • DOI : 10.23842/jif.2020.31.1.002
  • Publisher : Korea Insurance Research Institute
  • Research Area : Social Science > Business Management
  • Received : August 30, 2019
  • Accepted : February 21, 2020
  • Published : February 29, 2020

Lee Sang Ho 1 Cho Sumi 2

1전남대학교
2전남대학교 지역개발연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the choices of R&D risk in a product differentiated duopoly market where the corporate social responsibility (CSR) is involved in the analysis. We compare the equilibrium choices between quantity and price competitions and find the following findings. Under quantity competition, CSR firm’s R&D risk level is higher than that of private firm, and the difference of R&D risk levels increases as the degree of product substitution or CSR level increases. Under price competition, the R&D risk level of CSR firm is higher than that of private firm with a lower substitutability, but the reverse is true with a higher substitutability. Comparing each firm’s R&D risk level under quantity and price competitions, the level of R&D risk under price competition is always higher than that under quantity competition and, as either product substitutability or CSR level increases, the difference of R&D risks is higher under price competition. We also extend the analysis into the case that the CSR firm chooses the degree of CSR strategically to increase its profit. We then show that if the degree of product substitutability is larger (smaller), the impact on CSR under quantity (price) competition is larger.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.