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Sentence structure and analytic grammar

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2008, (67), pp.5-35
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Ui Su Kim 1

1한국외국어대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Grammatical theories about sentence structures can be divided into two types: one is for parsing sentence, the other for producing sentence. Generative grammar has tried to deal with them both through Universal Grammar. Many theories about natural language processing are also interested in production as well as parsing. However, if you want to make a good model for producing sentences, you need to know beforehand how sentences are organized. Unfortunately, generative grammar makes assumptions on a priori grounds which have not been proved correct yet. Thus, I think that we have no choice but to find a new way to understand sentence structures. This led me to a model called ‘analytic grammar’ which only concerns itself with parsing sentence. In this paper, I propose a system that can immediately be applied to parsing sentences in Korean. It consists of a few letters and numbers which represent characteristics of sentence constituents such as their grammatical functions, parts of speech, and sorts of modifiers. I analyze real sentences from a poem and a novel. The analysis shows that analytic grammar works well without having to make many assumptions and that the results can be easily understood. This model also shows potential for processing huge corpus.

Citation status

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