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The logical structure of Munchepanjung(文體反正) and its influence in the 18th century's literary discourse

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2010, (72), pp.219-257
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Park, Sang-Young 1

1대구가톨릭대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to present the logical structure of Munchepanjung(文體反正) and its influence in the late 18th century's literary discourse. The Munchepanjung(文體反正), which is the restoration of literary style, reflects Jeong-jo's efforts, which tried to establish the classical standard of writing in the confusing social atmosphere as one of kings in Choseon dynasty. It also shows the reality of changing literature which was important in making the reasonable path of righteousness and keeping the system with it. This Munchepanjung(文體反正) shows the unfolding aspects dually within the trigonal system of "'subject주체' - 'Subject대주체' - 'counter-subject반주체'", once in 1787 and the other in 1792. The former event shows strong political disposition in the relationship of identification between 'subject' - 'Subject(a')'. The latter shows a much stronger aspects in policy making than the relationship of counter-identification. Either way, King Cheong-Jo wanted to leave his legacy on the development of the classical standard of writing in the right way, making a diversion in both of them who threatened public order of a state. These kinds of efforts showed various types of attitude of the anti-imitation of ancient style(反擬古) This style focused on the Six Confucian Classics(六經) & the old literature of Eight Men of Letters in the Tang and Song Dynasties(唐宋八家文) as a canon of literature, the publication of these anthologies reveal the examples of poetry and prose, the strict prohibition of Paekansopum(稗官小品), redressing the abuse of the state examination(科擧) ect. In the relationship of counter-identification with the 'Subject대주체'', the Munchepanjung(文體反正) has meanings which accepted the change of times to some extent and at the same time showed practical aspects. This was related with the tendency of national literature which was showing up strongly at that time. The literary historical value of the Munchepanjung(文體反正) lies on that the Munchepanjung(文體反正) was executed as a central policy and part of cultural reformation by 'subject주체' doing many things such as the intensification of institutional characters through the purification of Gwan-gak literature(館閣文學), innovation on luxurious trends of kyunghwasagok(京華士族), the privilege rank that monopolized an honored and official post in the 18th in Korean governing class. This also has meaning historically in that the Munchepanjung(文體反正) was carried out in the relationship of 'subject' - 'Subject' - 'counter-subject".

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