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The Archetypal Symbol and the Unconsciousness of Reality Confrontation of Korean Contemporary Poems -Focused on the Pomes of Shin, Seok-Jeong, Park, Yong-Rae,and We, Sun-Whan-

  • Korean Language & Literature
  • 2013, (87), pp.263-282
  • Publisher : Korean Language & Literature
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

HEEAHN KANG 1

1배재대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper was to explain the reality consciousness of the archetypal symbol ‘water’, ‘sky’, and ‘bird’ and the structural order related with it. To reveal reality-oriented consciousness related with the symbols in contemporary poems coincides with examining in what kind of perceptual way the symbols poets have chosen are reveled. Especially, the prototype of Korean contemporary poems is revealed as characteristics commonly perceived depending on the directions of moving upward and downward and the place of objects. This is because the prototype borrowed in comtemporary poems is the conscious mechanism of self-unconsciousness trying to cope with the reality. ‘Water’, the source of imagination in Korean poems acts as inner dynamic of poets which strokes the dark reality with bright and smooth attributes. It is the point where reflective perception is made in an attitude of self-disruption related with tragic reality in the ‘imagination of flow’. In contrast, ‘static imagination’ exists as an unconscious reality trying to sink deeply away from earthly existence. Like this, ‘water’ functions as the story mechanism inspires the energy into the detached self from reality. In contrast, ‘sky’ is the prototype of an ideal world where the poetic self stares at the world in impoverished reality. The poetic self perceiving the lack and absence oppressed by the reality considers the life of sky as his or her inner source. Sky is an ideal world of the poetic self regressed from the earthly limit and the place which embodies the dream world of fairy and the fulfillment of wishes. This imagination of ‘sky’ shows the inner order of power trying to reach the life of Korean contemporary poems and the prototype of revival. Further, it was ‘bird’ which is revealed as the hope for freedom of Korean contemporary poets. The image of ‘bird’ in lyric poetry appears as the symbol of freedom which moves from ‘sky’ and ‘earth’. And the life excluding the something artificial is the world pursued by the contemporary lyric poets. Therfore, ‘bird’ destroys the confronting structure of the stubborn ideal world and reveals the reality of ‘sky’. Studies as above, the prototype of Korean contemporary poems is the product of intellectual consciousness rivaling the poor reality which realizes the metaphysical aesthetics. The consciousness of the Korean contemporary poets putting all the symbolic mechanisms have the depth and the width which covers the surface and the depth at the same time in the revealing the power into the new life and the new world, not the escape or the regression from the reality. The prototype they have chosen underlies the expression of the individual emotions but this is because it is possible revelation of the outer response of the self-unconsciousness trying to confront the reality of human things.

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