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Perspective of Nonverbal Meta-Communication Theory in Dance Study

김지영 1 Hyunjung Park 2

1연세대학교
2한국예술연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to understand the nonverbal communication elements of dance in order to present the possibility and validity of applying them from the standpoint of nonverbal meta communication centering on kinetics and proxemics. The nonverbal meta communication theory that can be applied in dance study includes the following three perspectives. First, the kinetics by Birdwhistell has the meaning of body language. It can be applied in interpreting the meaning of bodily action of dance movement, gesture, motion and posture. Second, the kinesiology by Ekman & Friessn(1968) increases individual, feel, atmosphere, individuality and attitude, and emphasizes the given interpersonal interaction, essence of relationship, condition or characteristics of communication, etc. Accordingly, it presents origin that can be diversely encoded, coding that can be presented as instinctive, arbitrary or intentional representation, and usage that convey message. Third, the proxemics by Hall which is a theory on communication mainly deals with usage of space. With regards to the dance space, contact, visual code and symbol system, it is a theory that presents the symbol and meaning of the factor and symbol of posture, symbol of social shielding & acceleration, contact action and factor, visual or olfactory code, voice, etc. In addition, the philosophical basis that affect dance study and theory can be seen in meta theory. First, dance from the epistemological perspective can deal with the issue of methodology, method and procedure of hypothesis, and issues on dance tool and technique. Second, dance from the ontological perspective can be based on the meta theory of approaching the issues of metaphysical dance from the standpoint of phenomenology because it allows theory, concept, interpretive frame and observatory explanation. Third, dance from axiological perspective deals with the issue of the beauty and value of dance. Accordingly, it can be seen that ethical and moral proposition and value and judgement can be described in the value influence of dance study.

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* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.