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A Study on Okbong Baek, Gwang-Hun

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2009, (23), pp.1-24
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Soonyoel Kwon 1

1조선대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Okbong Baek, Gwang-Hun who is one of the most greatest poets in the mid-Joseon Period did a great contribution to development of Tang-style poetry. So he is called one of the Three Famous Tang Poets. And he is also recognized as one of the Great Eight Writers who contributed to the development of poetry in mid-Joseon period. He introduced emotion and rhythms of Namdo people to the frame of Chinese poetry to raise elegance of Chinese poetry in Joseon period and demonstrated that Chinese poetry could be elaborated through Korean people. He was titled the best master in writing a quatrain with five Chinese characters in each line(named Oungelogu) and established a tradition that a position of poet is considered as an occupation. Such tradition began from Park Sang and Okbong completed it via Im Uk-Ryeong. Okbong was in charge of reception of Chinese diplomats in under the 5th reign year of King Seonjo though he was not a noble. It encouraged him to be royal to the king as a literary person as it was very glorious to him. At that time, he was in low grade of position, but he was cordially served and evaluated as a great poet. There have been many studies only on his poetry. However, he was a famous calligrapher of cursive characters in Honam area in mid-Joseon period. So his writing style is called Okbong style. Few of his calligraphic writings left. < Haseojib>, 'Youngho' and 'Jeilgangsan' are still extant as some of his writing. This study suggests that further research on him should be developed for expanded understanding of his life and writing.

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