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A Study on the Background of Hwangjoga

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2010, (25), pp.169-189
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Park, Inhee 1

1안양대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is making clear when Hwangjoga was sung for the first time. Hwangjoga is a song to sigh one's loneliness. However, it is difficult to understand the time that Hwangjoga was sung. Because Hwangjo, namely a Chinese oriole, is a migratory bird and thus it can't live in the northern area in October of the lunar calendar. Hwangjoga was published in the record of the third year of King Yuri in the Samguk-sagi. It should be noticeable that the song was published following the record about discord between Chihi and Hwahi. So, the discord between two women seems to be the background of Hwangjoga. But, a Chinese oriole can't be found in the northern area in October of the lunar calendar. Because a Chinese oriole can't be seen, it doesn't make sense that he sang the song when he saw it. It is not this time but another time that King Yuri saw a Chinese oriole. Therefore, Hwangjoga was sung by originally another reason. The mood in Hwangjoga is loneliness. When King Yuri was conscious of his father's absence, he sank into an abyss of loneliness. Especially, King Yuri might feel much more loneliness by the figure of his mother who raised him alone. Although he met his father when he came to Goguryeo, soon after that his father passed away. King Yuri's loneliness wasn't relieved and his mother again came to live her life alone. Hwangjoga was sung probably in Spring after his father's death. In the next Spring after his father's death, King Yuri sang Hwangjoga alluded his mother's and his life when he saw a Chinese oriole on the way back from his father's tomb. By the way, Hwangjoga sung by King Yuri matches well the discord between Chihi and Hwahi, too. Chihi declined King Yuri's offer to return and he had no choice but to return alone. Therefore, it was recorded following the discord between Chihi and Hwahi. If the record in the Samguk-sagi is believed, it should be admitted that there can't be a Chinese oriole in October of the lunar calendar. If so, it is right that Hwangjoga was already sung before the time not then. Judging from the mood in Hwangjoga, it is highly likely that Hwangjoga was sung in the next Spring after his father's death.

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