본문 바로가기
  • Home

A Study on Haseo Kim In-Who

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2011, (28), pp.5-28
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature

Soonyoel Kwon 1

1조선대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Haseo Kim In-Who has been regarded as a man of three characters in moral philosophy, integrity and literature. His life had the same orbit as those of intellectual heroes. Haseo met king Injong immediately after he went into government service. He and king Injong understood mutually from when they met for the first time. So the king gave presents to him, Mukjukdo and an anthology titled 『Jujadaejeon』. However, he had a mingled feeling of light and shadow to the king. The king was a base of his existence as he had a quality of sage king. So, the king's death led to loss of his main reason to live. Haseo mourned overnight in the mountains on the memorial sacrifice day of the king. A poem titled ' Yousosa' describes his feeling at that time. As seen in the poem, separation from the king was such a great sorrow that he could not overcome. Haseo maintained a position to serve but one king after the king was dead. He asked not to record his government posts since the officer at Okgwa, which definitely showed his integrity. He showed his integrity in his poetry. The most representative poem is ‘Jeonhweingouisa’. Jeonhweing was the last emperor of Je Period in the age of Civil Age. He once competed to grasp the power to control all the world with other feudal lords. However, he was chased after his country collapsed. This poem describes the suicide of Jeonhweing whose integrity had to be yielded and 500 warriors. Haseo showed his integrity to die rather than to yield his integrity through the poem. Haseo's philosophy is based on the 『Basic Learning』 and the 『Great Learning』. He respected Chu Hsi as a real Confucian as it was believed that he learned Confucius properly. So he regarded Confucius as his intellectual teacher, following academic attitude of Chi Hsi. Haseo wrote a book on moral philosophy titled 「Chomyeongdo」 and had a great interest in various fields such as astrology and geology. He wrote poetry to soothe his sorrow while studying hard. Therefore, his life is rather same as that of Tao Yenming. Haseo had intellectual exchanges with Tao Yenming and admired his life. However, Tao Yenming became a hermit in farms and identified with nature. However, Haseo never gave up his ideal for new society though he was a hermit too. He never gave up the links with society while living away from it. He became a great scholar through intensive interest in society and comprehension.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.