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Jeong Heemaeng’s Yongsan Nine Gorges

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2018, (42), pp.27-54
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : July 5, 2018
  • Accepted : August 15, 2018

Lee, Jongmook 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to study on Yongsan Nine Gorges of Jeong Heemaeng. And Yongsan Nine Gorges is located at Gosan, the foot of Bulgapsan, Yeonggwanggun, Cholla Province. Jeong Heemaeng(1536~1596) was born at Ohryongri in Yeonggwang, but lived in Hanyang. In 1562, he moved to his hometown and built Jukrimjeong. In 1566, he built Chuweondang and Kyennamheon, and he lived there for the rest of his life. In 1589, he built Seonyangjeong and finally completed the Yongsanjeongsa. The next year, he held the meeting of Yonggye. As a result, he was inspired by living in Yongsan Nine Gorges writing about it in many works, including Yongsangi and Yongsanji. This paper introduces the beautiful scenery and gazebos of Yongsan Nine Gorges. Yongsan Nine Gorges extends along the Bulgapcheon, from Bulgap reservoir to Sunyang village. The first gorge has Apcheongdang of Ryu Ho and Chimryujeong of Rhu Ikgyun. The second gorge has Yeondeokwon, and the third gorge has Puksandae, the fourth gorge has Namsandae, the fifth gorge has Jukrimjeong, Chuweondang, and Kyenamheon. In particular, he put in the eight beautiful scenery which was seen from Kyenamheon. The sixth gorge has Seonyangjeong, it also has eight beautiful scenery. The seventh gorge has Samgidae or Pyeksongdae, and has other buildings, that is, Saseonjae and Maeheon. In total, he called them Yongsanjeongsa, The eighth gorge has Yongdudae, together with Gwanodae etc. The ninth gorge has Nakmodae. Jeong’s Yongsan Nine Gorges was inspired by Meng Jia’s and Lin Bu’s unique life. Jeong composed a series of poetry and prose related to Yongsan Nine Gorges. But its characteristics is different from Lee Yi’s style, who built Eungyejeongsa at Seokdam, in Haeju, Hwanghae Province and maintained Gosan Nine Gorges and helped establish Hyangyak. Jeong opened the new horizon. Using the three-three path idiom of Yang Wanli, not the Wuyi Nine Gorges of Zhu Xi, he organized the Yonggye meeting and enjoyed a taste for arts. He left a variety of poetry, prose and paintings which reflected his unusual life. Through these works, I can appreciate the splendid life of Jeong, who captured the beauty of Yongsan Nine Gorges, considered as the unforgettable space.

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