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Tosolga(兜率歌) as a Ritual Song for king and Kingdom

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2018, (42), pp.135-156
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : July 29, 2018
  • Accepted : August 15, 2018

Jeong, Jin-hee 1

1아주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this study, Tosolga(兜率歌), known as a sort of korean classical poetry Hyang-ga(鄕歌), was discussed as a ritual song for king and his kingdom. According to the story about Tosolga(兜率歌), documented in Samguk yusa (Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms), it was performed at kingdom rite to calamity, two suns appeared in the sky, by monk Wolmyeong(月明師). It affected the flower to judge and choose the real sun, and consequently, Maitreya manifested as a boy monk after only one sun remained as before. Tosolga changed the Buddhist flower ritual, scattering flowers for praising Budda, to the non-Buddhist rutual in which the flower could tell the good from bad through its own pure mind. The manifestation of Maitreya meant that the king is the cakravartin, a Buddhist ideal ruler. This study argued that the flower and Maitreya in Tosolga is the symbols of Kukseondo(國仙·花郞·風流) rather than Buddhism. Tosolga shows that Hyang-ga(鄕歌) was used as a ritual song for the king and kingdom. From this point, Tosolga can be a clue to solving the literatural problem on the relation of ritual songs for kingdom and traditional folk songs.

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