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Saseolsijo and Women: Traces and Strata of Gaze

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2020, (45), pp.205-246
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : January 30, 2020
  • Accepted : February 22, 2020
  • Published : February 29, 2020

Park, Sang-Young 1

1대구가톨릭대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study attempted to view the problematic agendas the feminist perspective has produced in the field of classical poetry, and what are the prospects for the future, through traces of women in Saseolsijo and its trends of academic discourse toward them. This study comes from the research historical reflection that there has been a lot of empathy and reverberation about the views on women, being considered as a manifestation of the otherness distorted by men or as a device to projects men's desire in the entertainment space, but still it’s not clear. In Saseolsijo, three types of women are discovered, subjective women, asexualized. Subjective women are active who express unrelenting sexual desires and otherizated women are passive, silent in the male’s manner of lady-whores. Asexualized women are represented as alienated women (disabled, older women) beyond division between subjectivity and otherization. There are various trends in academic discourse towards them. Academic gazes for subjective women are complicated in related to the differences of the view of the late Choseon Dynasty, modern-premodern, desire-resistance, etc. About otherized women, we can see men’s biased gaze through the dichotomy of the saint-whore and we can see that 'simulating the female voice of the male author' was the main issue. On the other hand, academic discourse about asexualized women has been insignificant; however, the recent discourse of older women has progressed somewhat with conflict of desire-resistance unlike disable women. So far, feminist perspectives in Korean classical poetry have greatly emphasized the dual relationship with men, thus focusing on how harmonization and solidarity between women or women persecuted by men are achieved. To be a complete gender study, the following points need to be considered in multiple ways, Interest in men who have existed as counterparts of women, finding women's image as a harmonious icon, discovery and comparison of leftover women (migration and naturalized women, etc.), finding out the role of women in the performance environment, etc.

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