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Baeksu(白水) Yang eung-soo(楊應秀)’s sense of value for life- Focusing on his Hansi(漢詩)

  • The Studies in Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Abbr : Korean Poetry and Culture
  • 2021, (48), pp.173-198
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Poetry and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Korean Language and Literature
  • Received : July 15, 2021
  • Accepted : August 24, 2021
  • Published : August 31, 2021

Sangbong Lee 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Existing studies focused on Yang Eung-soo's reading method, the fact that he practiced mindfulness for one year to miss the deceased the death of his teacher, and the perception he had about the study of Hwadam(花潭). His reading method, the contents of the <Chukjang Diary(築場日記)> that he left behind, and his views on the study of Hwadam(flowers) can all be seen as a reflection of his perception of life and learning. Therefore, in this paper, I looked at his ideological basis that made such a life possible, focusing on the hansi-korean poems written in chinese character-he left. Yang Eung-soo gave up the civil service exam at the young age of 24 and had a scholarly personality to devote himself to his studies, and this inclination remained intact in his few poems. Among the themes of the poems he left behind, many sang about being faithful to the contents of the scriptures. In particular, he emphasized not only insisting on benevolence and justice with words, but also putting into practice the contents of the scriptures such as 『Sohak(小學)』. In addition, he inherited the teachings of 『Seokyung(書經)』 and 『Book of Rites(禮記)』 that 'the sky is unselfish and fair' and expressed a free mind in his poems, free from greed for one's own destiny. And this mindset was developed into the content of 'Heaven and Man are originally one', which appears in 『Book of Change(易)』·『Book of Rites(禮記)』·『Book of Mind(心經)』 did. Yang Eung-su thought that it was important to get rid of '人慾' from the human mind in order to achieve the teachings of '天無私' and '天人一也' in the scriptures. So even in his poems, he expressed that in order to realize that the human heart(人心) and the dao heart(道心) are not two, we need to get rid of greed. However, it was not easy to achieve the state of the sage by making steady efforts. After immersing himself in Neo-Confucianism, he has cultivated and restrained himself for a long time, but there are still many things that need to be studied and practiced. Therefore, in his later years, even if he could not completely get rid of his greed, he also wrote a poem that pays attention not to lose the original intention given by heaven. Not only in modern society but also in the 18th century, when Yang Eung-su was active, social success represented by rising in the world and gaining fame was what most scholars were aiming for. However, Yang Eung-soo gave up such social achievements and jumped into the academic path of Neo-Confucianism, making it the most important goal of his life to achieve mental and physical training and academic achievement. His attitude toward life is reflected in his poems as well, so his poetry seems to leave a deep impression compared to the works of other ordinary poets.

Citation status

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