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The Military Reform in the Deuteronomic Movement

Han, Dong-Gu 1

1평택대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to examine the military reform in the time of Deuteronomistic movement, when it was needed in preparation for the anti- Assyrian influence. It was Josiah particularly reinforced the militarily capability in the hope of freeing from it. On the other hand, Deut 17:16a narrates that "The king, moreover, must not acquire great numbers of horses for himself...", insinuating negative intention against the reinforcement of military power. The present study investigates the difference between the two opposing ideas and, historically, the structure of the military in the time of Josiah. Here is the outline of the Israelite military briefly introduced. Largely the infantry constituted the military along with some professional units and armed chariots units of commanders. The historical context and military reform in the time of Hezekiah and Josiah is also examined. Hezekiah's was nation-wide due to the anti-Assyrian and independent movement, improving military defence and weaponry system. The main forces was composed of by the infantry recruited from all over the nation, and the guard troops by horses and chariots. Josiah had to rebuild the military, dismantled before, to free nation from the Assyrian authority. The shortage of the nation's resources only made it possible to recruit national infantry mainly with the common people. Probably the prominence of 'am-haarets' in the Josiah's years' political stage must have shaped the military structure as well. Since he was politically dependent to 'am-haarets', not to the military power of the elite, Josiah was not able to do away with them. Therefore it is clear what the prohibitory decree against the military reinforcement in Deut 17:16a meant to say. It prohibits inequality in the military and political realm, which could be caused by the progressional elites.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.