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Reading Amos as a category of the deuteronomistic covenant theology: 'three transgressions and four' in the Book of Amos

Choi Jong-Won 1

1서울신학대학

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to show that the literary expression of 'three or four things' in Amos 1-2 relates to the punishment of Israel in seven folds. In particular, this expression is very similar to the theological view of Deuteronomist as a contractual thought based on the North - Western Semitic region. From a critical point of a constructivism view, this idea proves that Amos 1-2 is very closely related to the texts of visions in Amos 7-8. As it has been understood until now, the expression of' three or four things' in Amos has been understood as a wisdom literary element, but these results do not give any answer in terms of a constructivism view in the book of Amos. On the other hand, judgment reports on Israel and neighboring nations can be reinterpreted through the literary expression of 'three or four sins'. Rather than being under the influence of wisdom literature, which is interpreted as the so - called number proverb, this form is more closely related to the punitive concept of treaty destruction under the influence of ancient Near East and North - Western Semitic. Amos 1-2 consists of judgment reports on all seven nations except Judah. Each nation is judged by "fire" as a punishment for sin. judgment reports are increasingly focused on the Israeli judgment text. Just as it appears to be similar to the North - Western Semitic treaty document, the judgment report on Israel is also located at the end of the judgment report of the whole country. It also shows a well-organized literary composition in the form of a seven-ply. The tradition is a concept of punishment that appears in contract destruction and is expressed in literary form of the number seven and sevenfold-schema , and it reflects the situation before the prisoner periodically.

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