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False peace and True peace: Focused on Micah 4:1-5

  • Korean Journal of Old Testament Studies
  • Abbr : KJOTS
  • 2018, 24(4), pp.156-178
  • DOI : 10.24333/jkots.2018.24.4.156
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Old Testament Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology
  • Received : October 15, 2018
  • Accepted : November 10, 2018

Cha, Jun-Hee 1

1한세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes the meaning of biblical Shalom from the central text of Micah 4:1-5 which includes a key of biblical peace. The expression “Every man will sit under his own vine and under his own fig tree” describes peaceful circumstances in the Old Testament. The other three verses (1 Kgs 4:25; 2 Kgs 18:31; Zech 3:10) in the Old Testament that include the expression, are differentiated from what Micah shows as the peace of God. First Kings 4:25 describes peace of Solomon, Second Kings 18:31 peace of Assyria, and Zechariah 3:10 peace of Israel. “Pax Salomonica” was dependent upon heavy payments, tributes caused by suppression and military force. Pax Salomonica is not the true peace which God acknowledges. It is the false peace that excludes self-sacrifice, and it is established on the sacrifice of other people. “Pax Assyrica” is a guaranteed peace from the political submission of Judah. This is not what God wants either. The peace from unilateral submission or humiliation is not the true peace. Even “peace of Israel” which is allowed only to the people of Judah, is limited. The peace that a particular ethnic identity or group can enjoy is not the true peace but the selfish peace or the limited peace. The peace that Micah talks about is the peace not by force and threat but by mediation and compromise. Moreover, this is the peace for all nations, but not for a particular people. True peace is the life under the vine and the fig tree that nobody worries about food, the life that there is no need to fear anyone, and the life that everyone enjoys together. The biblical Shalom of Micah 4:1-5, therefore, is (1) a fruit of mediation and compromise through mutual communications, (2) the world without wars, (3) economic justice that nobody worries about food, (4) social justice that the weak do not fear the strong, and (5) public justice that everyone shares together.

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