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The Impact of Decentralized Environmental Regulation on Local Environmental Management: The Case of Gyeonggi Province

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2007, 18(1), pp.145-175
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Koh Jaekyung 1

1경기개발연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The inspection and enforcement responsibility on polluting facilities, which had been shared between the national and the local government since 1994, was fully delegated to the local government in 2002 after long debates. The debates have been advanced by proponents and opponents to devolution. Proponents argue that local governments are better able to understand and meet the needs of their communities by tailoring regulatory solutions to local needs and concern, while opponents contend that local governments are reluctant to enforce strong regulation because environmental protection is considered to impose economic cost on the local industry. This study aims to inform this debate by providing empirical support for some of these arguments with the case of Gyeonggi Province. The impact of decentralized environmental regulation on Gyeonggi Provincial government's enforcement efforts was analyzed in terms of change in enforcement level, environmental management capacity such as budget, effective and quick response to the problem, policy experiment or innovation, and private-public partnership in monitoring activities, and environmental quality. The analysis showed that decentralization contributed to improved environmental management of the Gyeonggi Provincial government rather than lax enforcement. However, the current enforcement responsibility between province and municipalities still needs further improvements.

Citation status

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