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An Exploratory Study of the Alternative National Policy Formulation Process

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2012, 22(4), pp.51-77
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Songho Lee 1

1경찰대학

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Many policy formulation theories have been developed separately in diverse fields of study. It is necessary to build a framework which can connect these theories in a meaningful way in order to view these separate theories as a whole, and check if they are adequate to understand and improve national policy formulation in the real world. For this purpose, this study explores a new policy formulation process as a framework which can combine the existing behavioral, normative and empirical theories. This study reconstructs a four-stage process of policy formulation (agenda setting, position taking, position coordination, policy legitimation) that reflects the government power structure and institutions, and then reviews how this process could combine existing theories. This new framework can show which aspects of existing theories are useful in explaining and improving national policy formulation, which kind of theories and logics ought to be employed from other academic areas, and in which aspects further theoretical elaboration is required in the future. More specifically, while a majority of existing theories can be used to explain the position-taking stage and some of them can explain the agenda-setting and policy legitimation stage, few of them could cover the position-coordination stage. The study concludes that as existing theories are not enough to understand the national policy making process, more theories are required on the analytic agenda-setting process, analytic position-coordination and criteria of policy legitimation.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.