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The Effects of the Psychological State of Public Employees on Organization Commitment in a Relocating Public Agency: Understanding the Mediator Effects of Public Service Motivation

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2013, 24(1), pp.221-243
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

최윤정 1

1한국직업능력개발원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Due to the government’s relocation plans, it has been reported that employees in public agencies are suffering from the psychological effects of anxiety and financial worries. This means that they may be unable to concentrate on their work, and if the relocation plans negatively impact on their attitude towards their job, then they could try to quit or change their job. On the other hand, the public service motivation (PSM) of public employees may lead to positive job attitudes and improvements in organizational performance. Through focusing on these issues, this study contributes to the literature on person-organization fit(P-O fit) and PSM. The main aim of this study is to understand the effects of psychological state and PSM on the organizational commitment of employees in relocating public agencies and to confirm whether PSM acts as a mediator. The results of the path analysis are as follows. First, the psychological state of members in a relocating public agency partially affects organization commitment. Second, PSM among public sector employees helps to improve organizational commitment. Third, PSM acts as a mediator between psychological states and organizational commitment. In particular, PSM was found to mediate between positive psychological states and both affective and normative organizational commitment. This study has both theoretical and political implications. In terms of theory, the findings can contribute to the understanding of mediator effects of PSM, and of the application of PSM and P-O fit in the relocation of government agencies. The political implications are that job redesign, after the relocation and reorganization of public agencies, should consider PSM from a long-term and strategic perspective.

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