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Policy Network Analysis on the Enacting Process of the Climate Change Act in the UK: Through the Application of Social Network Analysis

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2016, 27(3), pp.113-145
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

강정훈 1 윤순진 2

1기획재정부 국제금융협력국
2서울대학교 환경대학원 환경계획학과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes the policy network observed during the legislation of the Climate Change Act in the United Kingdom, utilizing the social network analysis (SNA) of news articles to identify the key factors that enabled the legislation of the Climate Change Act. The legislation process was first divided into three periods: policy-suggestion, policy-discussion, and policy-legislation. Thereafter, the key factors of policy network such as the major actors, their interactions, and structure of relationships were analyzed by each period. Furthermore, the major actors were analyzed in depth by the SNA indicators, such as degree centrality, in-degree centrality, out-degree centrality, betweenness centrality, and prestige centrality. Finally, the structure of relationships in the network is was analyzed by density, centralization, degree centrality, and geodesic path. The results of the study show that the policy-suggestion period was characterized by active interactions among the various actors and the structure showed decentralized characteristics. The major actors during this period included the government, the Conservative Party, and Friends of the Earth. Meanwhile in the policy-discussion period, a centralized structure prevailed, and the major actors included the government, Gordon Brown, and the Conservative Party. The policy-legislation period showed the strongest signs of centralized structure and its major actors included the government, the Friends of the Earth, and the Conservative party. Through these findings, the research identified the key factors that enabled the legislation of the U.K.'s Climate Change Act to be the followings: the formation of strong will and consensus among actors, the coalition among actors, and the publication of the reports based on scientific and economic grounds.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.