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A Typology of Social Economy Organization in South Korea: Fuzzy Ideal Type Analysis

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2017, 27(4), pp.179-213
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Lee, Eun Sun 1 Suk, HoWon 2

1서울대학교 행정대학원
2고려대학교 정부학연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is to aim for suggesting policy direction by articulating and categorizing of social economy organization to social economy act. Main variables for categorizing are purpose, marketability, benefit scope. Fuzzy-set ideal type analysis with fuzzy-set calibration function is utilized for categorization, which is based on previous studies and theories of social economy. Analysis results are as follows. Firstly, the highest scored organizations in each categorizing variables(integrated social economy organization: ISE) are social enterprise, livelihood cooperative association, community business. Secondly, self-support business, agricultural corporation, standardized workplaces for disabilities are quasi-integrated social economy organization(QISE) because of the law score of benefit scope. Thirdly, social cooperative association and social welfare plan corporate are located in the purpose-oriented social economy organization, and employment promotion and vocational rehabilitation of disabled person, self-support center are in the quasi- purpose-oriented social economy organization. Finally, corporate-oriented social economy organizations are credit union and community credit cooperatives, but none can be corresponded to quasi-corporate-oriented social organizations type. Additionally, we suggest that agricultural cooperatives, forestry cooperatives, SMEs cooperatives, tobacco producers cooperative are ISE. However, fuzzy scores of these organizations are located in bifurcation point, so these organizations are positioned to the border line between ISE and QISE.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.