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How Do Corruption Experienced Citizens Understand Causes of Corruption?

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2017, 28(1), pp.31-56
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Ko, Kil Kon 1 조수연 2

1서울대학교
2서울대학교 행정학박사

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Although most corruption research has focused on the variables explaining the perception or intention of corruption, this study empirically identifies the factors affecting corrupt behaviors of citizens who have actually offered grafts to public officials. We examine time-invariant factors affecting corrupt behaviors in three dimensions- economic, institutional and cultural, using the survey data of KIPA (Korean Institute of Public Administration) on the corruption status in public offices of Korea from 2008 to 2012. Analysis results suggest that the citizens who offered grafts to public officials perceive high degree of expected benefit, possibility of disclosure and punishment level as causes of corruption. Among them, expected benefits turn out to be the most important and time-invariant factor. Meanwhile, the cultural and institutional factors are not significant. Even though the expected benefit is statistically significant, the predicted probability to commit graft is less than 10% even if citizens hold the highest expectation of benefits. It implies that marginal benefit of anti-corruption policy by reducing expected benefit may not be large as we expect. Hence we need to consider not only the benefit of controlling the causes of corruption but also the marginal cost of anti-corruption policies.

Citation status

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