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An Analysis on the Importation and Indigenization of Executive Agency

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2019, 29(4), pp.31-54
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

HA TAE SOO 1

1경기대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Executive Agency(EA hereafter) is an institution that allows a manager to operate implementation work of government affairs and take full responsibility for the performances with publicness being maintained. EA was launched in 1988 in the UK when the Next Steps Reform began. Korea began to prepare to import the institution from 1997, legislated related laws in 1999, and have enforced EA since 2000. The Kim Young-Sam and Kim Dae-Jung governments imported EA to get legitimacy from foreign and domestic environments in order to confront OECD entry and foreign exchange crisis, but at the same time distorted EA away from its original intent. Then the third parties such as public administration scholars raised many critics against the distortions and the successive governments revised and indigenized EA towards its original intent. Right after the importation, the appearance was close to UK EA but the level of autonomy of its manager was very low. These kinds of distortions were caused by authoritarian and hierarchical Korean organizational culture, the then contingencies that lacked budget, government personnel, and rules right after the foreign exchange crisis, and the incongruity between political and symbolic purposes of the then ruling politicians and the original intent of the institution. In the stage of indigenization, however, the autonomy of its manager or the institution was partially strengthened to become a little bit closer to its original UK institution because the critics raised by the third parties were partially accepted. The number of entities that were designated as EA also increased and the autonomy of the institution or its manager was improved. Nevertheless, there is still significant gap between UK EA and Korean EA.

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