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Determinants of Korean People’s Attitude toward Foreign Aid: Focused on Policy Literacy and Policy Efficacy

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2019, 30(3), pp.131-152
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration
  • Received : October 20, 2019
  • Accepted : November 10, 2019
  • Published : November 30, 2019

LEE, JAEWAN 1

1호서대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to analyze what are the determinants of attitudes toward foreign aid policy in Korea. In particular, this study empirically analyzed the effect of literacy on foreign aid policy on its attitude. Furthermore, this study analyzed whether policy efficacy moderates the relationship between policy literacy and attitude. To this end, I used secondary data obtained from a survey of Korean people. The analysis of the hierarchical multiple regression model including interaction terms showed that policy awareness had a significant positive effect on attitudes toward ODA. In other words, if they knew that ODA is being managed through the OECD DAC for promoting economic development and welfare in developing countries, they showed a favorable attitude toward ODA. Policy efficacy also strengthened the positive relationship between policy literacy and attitude. These results indicate that in order for policy authorities to ensure public support for foreign aid policies, foreign aid is effectively managed by intergovernmental councils, and it is effective that the decision and enforcement of such policies are systematic and transparent. This suggests that it is important to promote publicly to them to eliminate unnecessary misunderstandings. This result suggests that policy authorities should endeavor to solve the problems of the policy in order to secure support for the policy, and that the decision and enforcement of foreign aid policy will be effective in systematically and transparently. It suggests that public relations is necessary to eliminate unnecessary misunderstandings and to strengthen support for policy.

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