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Discourse structure awareness in L2 reading instruction

  • Modern English Education
  • Abbr : MEESO
  • 2011, 12(4), pp.397-412
  • Publisher : The Modern English Education Society
  • Research Area : Humanities > English Language and Literature > English Language Teaching

Jong-Hwa Lee 1

1전주교육대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

As a discourse structure awareness tool, graphic organizers (GOs) have been highly recommended and used in contemporary classrooms. Over the past decade, a number of concerns have been raised about claims for the effectiveness of GOs. There is a need for research studies with second language (L2) students and with more extended instructional exposure time. The purpose of this paper is to develop the model of teaching reading strategies made up of GOs, which directly represent the discourse structures of a text. Through this study are proposed 9 generic forms of graphic representations that apply to regularly recurring text structures. The methods and procedures for applying GOs to reading comprehension are based on the O'Malley & Chamot's CALLA: Preparation-Presentation-Practice-Monitoring-In depth activities. It was concluded that GOs should be adopted in reading and writing instruction, and that the discourse structure should be considered in developing teaching-learning materials.

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