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An investigation into native English-speaking and Korean raters’ judgments of Korean English learners’ pronunciations.

  • Modern English Education
  • Abbr : MEESO
  • 2014, 15(1), pp.195-216
  • Publisher : The Modern English Education Society
  • Research Area : Humanities > English Language and Literature > English Language Teaching

이지우 1 Hyun-Woo Lim 1 Kim, Hyun Jung 1

1한국외국어대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The present study examines the rating criteria, rating behaviors, and inter-rater reliabilities between native English-speaking (NES) raters and Korean raters in their judgments of Korean English learners’ pronunciations. Fifteen NES and 15 Korean English-teaching professionals rated the pronunciation in 15 Korean English learners’ utterances responding to a controlled and a spontaneous speech prompt. The two rater groups showed no significant differences in their rating scores. Many-facet Rasch model tests also revealed no different rating patterns between the groups. However, the raters’ think-aloud protocols suggested the possible differences in the raters’ sound recognitions and/or evaluation foci. Specifically, the NES raters commented on the errors on both consonant and vowel sounds while the Korean raters tended to mainly focus on the errors on consonant sounds. The NES raters evaluated the errors on word stress but few Korean raters ever considered stress errors. The study results suggest that despite the good estimates of inter-rater and intra-rater reliabilities of rating scores, NES and Korean raters could differ in their sound recognitions and evaluation foci. Suggestions for future research and implications for rater training are provided, along with the limitations of the study.

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