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A study on the English speech act of apology of Korean and Filipino university students

  • Modern English Education
  • Abbr : MEESO
  • 2014, 15(2), pp.113-131
  • Publisher : The Modern English Education Society
  • Research Area : Humanities > English Language and Literature > English Language Teaching

Jin Sook Park 1 Sang-Do Lee 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to examine how 42 Korean English learners and 42 Filipinos use eight apology strategies. Data were collected by means of discourse completion tests(DCT) that consisted of ten different situations requiring apologies including factors such as variables of social status, social distance and severe of offense. The results showed that there are some similarities and differences between two groups in their realization of apologies. Korean and Filipino university students primarily used an illocutionary force indicating device(IFID) at high frequency. Korean students preferred not toacknowledge responsibility. Instead they tended to use explanation of the situationmore than their Filipino counterparts. Filipino students frequently used the strategy ofacknowledgement of responsibility as opposed to Korean students. Moreover, theperformance of apologies by two groups was greatly influenced by a variety ofcontextual factors (i.e., social distance,, social status, and severity of offence)embedded into situations of DCT.

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