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Gender Effect on the Use of Communication Strategies in Case of Korean College Students

  • Modern English Education
  • Abbr : MEESO
  • 2014, 15(3), pp.43-63
  • Publisher : The Modern English Education Society
  • Research Area : Humanities > English Language and Literature > English Language Teaching

송민종 1

1성결대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

To investigate differences in the use of communication strategies (CSs) betweendifferent genders, this study explored the CSs used by Korean college students wheninteracting with their peers. The 40 students who participated in the study were dividedinto 20 same-gender pairs, with each pair consisting of 2 females or 2 males. For datacollection, a questionnaire, a speaking task (an interview), and tape recordings wereemployed. Those 10 female-female and 10 male-male pairs had 2 interviews, each, andthe 40 interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed. For statistical analysis, afrequency analysis and a t-test were administered. As a result, it was shown that ingeneral, the students used a limited variety of types, adopting direct strategies the mostand interactional strategies the least, and, between the two genders, both female andmale students appeared to use the same types and frequencies. Accordingly, it wasconcluded that no gender-related significant effect was identified on the use of CSswith Korean college students. Suggestions were made about increasing opportunitiesfor interaction between the students themselves and training them in the use of CSs,especially focused on the interactional strategies and the other infrequently used onesin this study.

Citation status

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