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Comparative study of abstract writings of novice and expert researchers: Move and metadiscourse analysis

  • Modern English Education
  • Abbr : MEESO
  • 2016, 17(4), pp.25-49
  • Publisher : The Modern English Education Society
  • Research Area : Humanities > English Language and Literature > English Language Teaching
  • Published : November 30, 2016

변정희 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on the of rhetorical move structures and metadiscourse among Korean novice academic writers, who are graduate students (n = 91) in writing research article abstracts (RAAs) compared with experienced academic writers (n = 91) who publish in leading linguistics and applied linguistics journals. The analysis adopts two models of rhetorical structure of RAAs – the IMRD model (Hyland, 2004) and CARS model (Swales, 2004) – and two types of metadiscoursal resources (Hyland, 2005) – textual and interpersonal. The study found significantly higher use of the CARS model and the preference for some metadiscourse markers (boosters, engagement, and evidentials) in Korean novice RAAs. Also, the two writer groups showed the relationship between the overall move structure and the distribution of metadiscourse markers across moves, but the cross-disciplinary variation in this relationship was only marked in the novice group; these findings may be interpreted as the intended strategies of novice academic writers to engage their academic communities and infer the functional link between the rhetorical move structure and the distribution of metadiscourse markers which calls for further work.

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