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The Preliminary Study on Regional Identity of Traditional Rural Areas: A Case Study of Gyeolseong-myeon, Hongseong-gun, Korea

  • Journal of the Association of Korean Geographers
  • Abbr : JAKG
  • 2016, 5(2), pp.155-180
  • Publisher : Association of Korean Geographers
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography

Wonhoe Choi 1

1공주대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The theoretical background of this study was based upon the institutionalization theory on formation of regional identities, and institutionalization theory was based upon the new regional geography toward humanism since 1970s. According to this theoretical background in this study, regional identity of traditional rural areas was analyzed in a case study of Gyeolseong-myeon, Hongseong-gun, Korea. The results of this study are as follows: Fistly, the regional identities per period of Gyeolseong-myeon in terms of territorial shape and symbolic shape were arranged as agricultural development region adding a sea-land transshipment location in the case of period between ancient times and modern times, as castle-type central place in the case of Baekjae Dynasty era, Silla Dynasty era and Korea Dynasty era, regional administrative center in the case of Choson Dynasty era, rural region being degrading to myeon-level administration district and sacred place of independent movement in the case of Japanese Colonial era, and less developed and pure agricultural region in the case of era after liberation from Japanese colony. Secondly, the regional identities of Gyeolseong-myeon in terms of symbolic shapes such as symbol mark, bird, flower, tree, and song were appeared as the composites of history, geography, culture, ideal and others. Thirdly, Gyeolseong-myeon Office and Gyeolseong Elementary School were regarded as the institutional subjects having formed the regional identities of Gyeolseong-myeon from era after liberation from Japanese Colony to recent date, and the regional geography books of Gyeolseong-myeon as the compressed archival data in the period from ancient times to recent times were appeared as taking the place of roles of subjects like mass media and academic body in formation of regional identity. Fourthly, recently, Even the historical old territory consciousness of pre-modern times existing as the territorial shape in ideological dimension was regarded as verging upon extinctive crisis because of so-called ‘restoration movement of Hongju, old place name of Hongseong’ being developed in dimension of Hongseong-gun region for Hongju’s thousandth anniversary.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.