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The Appearance, Institutional Status, and Utilization of Croquis in French Geography Education

  • Journal of the Association of Korean Geographers
  • Abbr : JAKG
  • 2017, 6(3), pp.369-380
  • DOI : 10.25202/JAKG.6.3.5
  • Publisher : Association of Korean Geographers
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography
  • Received : November 23, 2017
  • Accepted : December 6, 2017

Saangkyun Yi 1 Magali Hardouin 2

1동북아역사재단
2프랑스 브르따뉴 교사양성전문대학원 지리과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Geography education has a relatively lower status in South Korea than in Western countries. South Korea needs to review some cases in those countries with a high level of geography education in order to stabilize and improve the geography education in curriculum and content. While France is one of the countries with high status of geography education, scholars of South Korea tend to have little knowledge about croquis close to the key competence in french geography education. The purpose of this study is to investigate the historical background of the appearance of croquis for French geography education, its institutional status and importance, and its utilization. This research reveals that croquis drew academic attention in France since R. Brunet published his book Le croquis de géographie régionale et économique in early 1960s and made a principal mode of geography classes in France in 1970s. It can be said that croquis, presented by R. Brunet, caused a greater sensation in emphasizing the practical aspect of map-reading after the defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. As a result, croquis was settled as a major evaluation framework for history and geography in baccalaureate; now it is used as closure activities in geography classes. To sum up, I contend that croquis is a learning activity that best meets the goal of geography education in France: ‘to understand spatial organization’.

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