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The Locational Distribution Characteristics Analysis of Social Innovation Enterprise by Using Location Quotient and Multiple Regression Analysis in the Chungcheong Region

  • Journal of the Association of Korean Geographers
  • Abbr : JAKG
  • 2019, 8(1), pp.95-108
  • DOI : 10.25202/JAKG.8.1.8
  • Publisher : Association of Korean Geographers
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography
  • Received : March 18, 2019
  • Accepted : April 12, 2019
  • Published : April 30, 2019

Hye-Yeon Yoon 1 Sug-In Chang 2 Dong-Ho Jang 1

1공주대학교 지리학과
2공주대학교 경영학과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Since the 1997 financial crisis, Korea has become more important to social innovation companies that can provide jobs and social services due to the rising unemployment rate and the aging population. This study analyzed the positional distribution of social innovation enterprises in the Chungcheong region by using the location quotient and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the major location distribution areas of social enterprises are high population density, high number of consumers and suppliers of social services, as well as high traffic levels. Furthermore, it was found that social enterprises were located for the purpose of providing jobs to areas with a large number of elderly people, such as agricultural regions. The main distribution areas of social cooperatives are located in areas where economic activity has stagnated due to population reduction focus on saving the region. In addition, social cooperative finances are found in agricultural regions and regions with many minorities in order to create employment and increase income. The main location distribution of community enterprises were selected self-supporting regional community demonstrative project in 2010 or were found to be considered the cooperation among the residents, generally agricultural-based community enterprises. The results of this study above could provide the implications for nurturing and positional policies related to social innovation enterprises.

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.