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Fragmentation Analysis for Conservation Planning: The Case of Seoul Metropolitan Area

  • Journal of the Association of Korean Geographers
  • Abbr : JAKG
  • 2020, 9(1), pp.91-102
  • DOI : 10.25202/JAKG.9.1.6
  • Publisher : Association of Korean Geographers
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography
  • Received : March 31, 2020
  • Accepted : April 17, 2020
  • Published : April 30, 2020

Hyuksoo Kwon 1 Kim Jang-soo 2

1국립생태원
2공주대학교 지역개발연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to measure the degree of landscape fragmentation in the metropolitan area with high development pressure and to utilize it in environmental planning and traffic planning. The Effective Mesh Size (EMS) was applied to evaluate the probability that two randomly chosen points in a region are located in the same non-fragmented patch. In the northeastern region of the metropolitan area, the degree of landscape fragmentation was low and the landscape fragmentation was relatively high in Seoul and Incheon. In the case of Seoul, the northern and southern regions were evaluated to have low landscape fragmentation due to the influences of Mt. Bukhan, Mt. Gwanak and Mt. Umyeon. While the center of Seoul had a high degree of landscape fragmentation due to the lack of large green spaces during urbanization. In Seocho-gu, there was a difference between landscape fragmentation and biotop map of Seoul. This is attributable to the differences between vegetation-based evaluations and assuming animal mobility. Since it is difficult to secure large green areas in an urbanized area, it is necessary to connect existing green areas and to preserve a wide habitat by selecting the optimal way to pass when establishing a transportation plan. If you expand the analysis to the national scale, it can be effectively used for planning a protected area or environment at the national level.

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