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Characteristics and Implications of Geography Curriculum in Ontario, Canada: An Approach from the Competency-based Perspective

  • Journal of the Association of Korean Geographers
  • Abbr : JAKG
  • 2020, 9(3), pp.441-456
  • DOI : 10.25202/JAKG.9.3.1
  • Publisher : Association of Korean Geographers
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography
  • Received : October 6, 2020
  • Accepted : November 20, 2020
  • Published : December 31, 2020

Minsung Kim 1

1서울대학교 지리교육과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to introduce the competency-based geography curriculum of Ontario in Canada, which is known as its high level of education, and to examine the implications of the Ontario geography curriculum. In Ontario, the citizenship education framework forms the fundamental scheme to realize the vision of geography, or fostering the responsible and active citizen. Within this framework, the Ontario curriculum systematically incorporated the components of geographic inquiry process, concepts of geographic thinking, big ideas and framing questions, and spatial skills to improve geographic competency. Based on this analysis, the following implications were suggested: 1) the importance of the unique geographic concepts and inquiry, 2) the possibility of spatial skills and tools, and 3) the systematic organization of scope and sequence. These three implications show directions of ‘outwards in’, ‘inward outwards’ and ‘crossing inwards’, respectively. This study provides insight into the implementation and development of an effective geography curriculum for promoting competency.

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