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Determining the Principle of Chosun People Reformation during the Pacific War -Focusing on <Geography> the text book published by the Japanese Government-General of Korea -

  • Journal of Japanese Culture
  • 2017, (72), pp.171-190
  • DOI : 10.21481/jbunka..72.201702.171
  • Publisher : The Japanese Culture Association Of Korea (Jcak)
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : December 1, 2016
  • Accepted : January 22, 2017
  • Published : February 28, 2017

Yoo, Chul 1 Kim,Soon-Jeon 1

1전남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to find concrete facts about how the Pacific War exerted an influence on education and how these effects changed the structure of the textbook by studying the text book <Geography> before and after the outbreak of the Pacific War. Before the outbreak of the Pacific War, the <Geography> education for Chosun people was aimed at elements of civilization geography to awaken them to the world civilization and the relationship between foreign geography and Japanese geography focusing on the excellence of the powerful nations and the economic power. Most of the education aimed to acquire practical knowledge to cultivate the national spirit. However, as Japan entered the Pacific War, they made a great deal of change in content of the existing Geography textbook, and the <Geography> became the subject to educate people to become aware of the mission of the empire in East Asia and the world. Wartime Geography Textbook published in the war was not used for an education to simply teach Japanese geography as before. However, the Geography course became a wartime required course in the purpose of defense of the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere that Japan built from hostile countries and the security education to recognize Chosun people hostility toward the US. Therefore, the War promoted participation of the war and generated a hostility to enemy countries. As the national system that is faithful to the militarism and the chauvinism policy appropriate to a war footing is reflected in the wartime educational policy, at the time, it had a great impact on the compilation of geography textbooks.

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