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An Analysis of the Japanese Expression ‘~すぎます’ and ‘~すぎです’

  • Journal of Japanese Culture
  • 2017, (74), pp.141-153
  • DOI : 10.21481/jbunka..74.201708.141
  • Publisher : The Japanese Culture Association Of Korea (Jcak)
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : May 31, 2017
  • Accepted : August 4, 2017
  • Published : August 31, 2017

Kim, Chang-Nam 1

1금강대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

By studying various examples of the usage of ‘~すぎます’ and ‘~すぎです’, this paper reviews the sentence patterns used before the expression ‘~すぎます’ and ‘~すぎです’ and the difference between the usage of ‘~すぎます’ and ‘~すぎです’. It also reviews the usage of patterns before both these expressions. First, it distinguishes between the patterns that come before ‘~すぎる’ by parts of speech. Verbs are used most frequently, followed by the adjective い and the adjective な. Next, it distinguishes between the patterns that come before ‘~すぎます’. In the examples, the adjective い was used most frequently. Particularly, the frequency of the term ‘多い’ used before ‘~すぎます’ was the highest. Lastly, before the expression ‘~すぎです’, verbs are used most frequently in the examples of the expression. Particularly, the frequency of the term ‘考える’ used before ‘~すぎます’ was the highest. Furthermore, in the case of the adjective な. it is more often used before ‘~すぎます’ compared to its usage before ‘~すぎです’. Therefore, through the examples of the expression ‘~すぎます’ presented in the paper, many combinations are made with the most frequently used adjectives, い and な, to express character and condition. Conversely, ‘~すぎです’ has many combinations with verbs.

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