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A Study on the Polysemy Adverbial Expression Language of Japanese and Korean Verbs - Focusing on Asobu and Nolda -

  • Journal of Japanese Culture
  • 2019, (82), pp.65-82
  • DOI : 10.21481/jbunka..82.201908.65
  • Publisher : The Japanese Culture Association Of Korea (Jcak)
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : June 30, 2017
  • Accepted : August 5, 2019
  • Published : August 31, 2019

Kim Do-Eun 1

1영남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examined the positions of vocabulary systems in relation to the Japanese verb ‘asobu’ and the Korean verb ‘nolda,’ derived their polysemy relations and compared their uses, so as to examine the semantic relations of their co-occurring and adverbial expressions. The vocabulary system of the Japanese verb ‘asobu’ was categorized into three types. First, the mobile system is used for movement in a place or on a street. This study found that limited movement and action verbs of ‘asobu’ were mostly composed to be close to the composition of semantemes of Japanese words meaning ‘wander,’ ‘roam,’ ‘stroll,’ and ‘loiter.’ Second, the resting system is used when something is placed in a set place with virtually no movement. Lastly, the modal system is used with a state, an object, a person or an animal that moves and travels irrespective of places and distances. The verbs ‘asobu’ and ‘nolda’ are used as action verbs that include different co-occurring and adverbial expressions in the sentence structure consisting of an adverb and a verb. These action verbs are used in expressions meaning a temporary break or diversion in a hectic life of modern society. It was found that the verbs were used in polysemy vocabulary expressions with more various and expanded meanings.

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.