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Cultural Awareness and Behavioral Choices for Japanese Residents in Korea: A Qualitative Study

  • Journal of Japanese Culture
  • 2020, (85), pp.193-219
  • DOI : 10.21481/jbunka..85.202005.193
  • Publisher : The Japanese Culture Association Of Korea (Jcak)
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : February 29, 2020
  • Accepted : April 24, 2020
  • Published : May 31, 2020

MATSUKI RYOKO 1

1경남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this study, we conducted interviews to determine what kind of consciousness Japanese people living in Korea have toward accepting and adapting to Korean culture. Through the interviews, we confirmed that the subjects are adopting the Korean culture and that they continue to have a negative attitude that they cannot accept aspects of Korean culture. In addition, we found that the subjects had a gap between consciousness and choice of action. The cases may differ in terms of whether the subjects do not choose to adapt to Korean culture even if they understand it, choose to adapt to a different culture even if they are negatively motivated, or first adapt even if they do not understand Korean culture. In this survey, subjects gave more answers in cases where there was a gap between consciousness and behavior selection than in those where consciousness and behavior matched. Furthermore, there was a slight difference in the content of the interview responses between students and working adults. In particular, it was found that working adults have a greater resistance to cross-cultural events, which is still not completely understood. On the other hand, more students than working adults answered that they copy the behavior of different cultures even when their understanding is vague, which suggests that they have less resistance to different events. In addition, while students tend to actively choose not to adapt to cross-cultural behavior that does not conform to their beliefs, working adults tend to select such behavior even if they take it slightly negatively.

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