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Establishment and transformation of Wonheung School in Wonsan

  • Journal of Japanese Culture
  • 2020, (87), pp.297-312
  • DOI : 10.21481/jbunka..87.202011.297
  • Publisher : The Japanese Culture Association Of Korea (Jcak)
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : September 30, 2020
  • Accepted : October 28, 2020
  • Published : November 30, 2020

HWANG WOON 1

1대전대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this study, we focused on Wonsan Wonheung School, a Korean modern educational institution considered one of the Japanese-established private schools in modern Korea, based on the examination of diplomatic historical materials, which area direct record of Wonheung School. Founded by Hanji Kondo in September 1899, Wonsan Wonheung School was born out of a public elementary school whose predecessor was Wonsan School, a private school founded by Korean. At the beginning of itsestablishment, the school was sustained with the assistance of Japanese and Korean local notables in addition to the tuition fee. In February 1902, a donation of 800 yen was solicited among Japanese people, and in October of the same year, a request was made to Japan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs to subsidize the school with 30 yen every month for three years. A monthly subsidy of 30 yen would be provided from January 1903, but on April 25, 1904, an incident occurred in which Hanji Kondo was taken prisoner of the Russian army. So Wonheung School was overseen by the consul and the garrison leader, and Wonheung School, established with the aim of modern education for Koreans, transformed into a school that cultivates people who can work in Japan.

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