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The effects of perceived importance of intention and cognitive resource demanding on the development of children's prospective memory

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2006, 19(4), pp.55-76
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

서지연 1 Choi,Kyoung-Sook 1

1성균관대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of the level of perceived importance of the intention and of the level of cognitive resource demanding on the development of performance for the prospective memory. Five, seven, and nine-year old children participated. The 1st experiment was designed to examine the effects of the level of perceived importance of intention. As a result, the prospective memory became significantly higher with age and with the perceived important of intention. The 2nd experiment was designed to find out the causes of the failure of performing the prospective memory even when the perceived important of intention was high. As a result, the higher the level of cognitive resource demanding was, the lower the prospective memory was. This result was interpreted as that the more cognitive resource demanding was, the more short-term capacity decreased. The present results suggest that perceived importance of intention is important for the success of prospective memory, but perceived important of intention is not enough to perform two or more task, thus a certain level of cognitive abilities is needed to distribute attentional resource for the tasks.

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